There’s a yarn craft combining crochet and knitting!
Read my Tunisian crochet guide.
With this crocheting technique, you make textiles that imitate knitting.
There’s no proof it came from Tunisia. So, where?
I reviewed and updated this post on July 12, 2022.
Table Of Contents
- What Is Tunisian Crochet?
- How To Tunisian Crochet
- Tunisian Crochet Stitches
- Tunisian Crochet Hook
- Tunisian Crochet Patterns
What Is Tunisian Crochet?
Tunisian crochet is a needlecraft merging knitting and crochet.
(Pronounced tyoo-ni-zee-uhn crochet in the UK and Australia, and too-nee-zhn crochet in the USA.)
Knitters and crocheters find something of their craft in Tunisian crochet.
Where did it come from? No one knows!
It first appeared in print in 1884 in a book ‘The Dictionary of Needlework.’ Tunisian crochet’s popularity didn’t return until the 1960s.
What Is The Difference Between Crochet And Tunisian Crochet?
Tunisian crochet curls more than regular crochet.
Regular crochet is stretchy.
Tunisian crochet uses a longer hook up to 14″ long.
Regular crochet hooks are shorter and around 6″ long.
Work the stitches on two passes, the forward pass and return pass.
Flip the work at the end of the row.
What Is The Difference Between Tunisian And Afghan Crochet?
They’re the same.
People used to call Tunisian crochet “Afghan crochet” or “Afghan stitch” before the 1970s, but people interchange the two.
Afghan crochet is a group of crochet stitches within Tunisian.
How To Tunisian Crochet
Here’s a list of things you’ll need.
- Tunisian crochet hook. (Refer to your pattern)
- Tape Measure or ruler
- Darning needle to weave in the ends
Regarding the size of the hook, check the yarn label.
Here are the most common Tunisian stitches with free crochet tutorials.
Looking for yarn for crochet socks? See my review.
How-To: Tunisian Simple Stitch
This Tunisian crochet stitch is the most basic of stitches.
(Abbreviated as Tss or also known as Afghan stitch.)
Learn how to do it in this video tutorial by B.Hooked Crochet.
Refer written instructions? Read on for doing a Tunisian simple stitch.
Start with crochet chains (aka a foundation row or foundation chain).
Once you’ve done the foundation row, now turn it into a Tunisian stitch.
The Tunisian simple stitch comprises the forward and back pass.
Always keep the yarn behind the fabric.
- Ignore the first vertical bar
- *Insert hook under the next vertical bar
- Do a yarn over
- Draw up a loop
- Repeat from *
- Keep the loops you create on your hook
- Make a yarn over
- Draw it through one loop on your hook
- *Yarn over again
- Draw through 2 loops on your hook
- Repeat from * until only one loop remains on the hook
Congratulations! You’ve completed one row of the Tunisian simple stitch. Repeat this process as many times as necessary.
Watch your Tunisian crochet fabric grow.
How-To: Tunisian Full Stitch
Textured, thick, fluffy. This is a gorgeous, warm stitch.
Video Tutorial by TL Yarn Crafts.
How-To: Tunisian Knit Stitch
Is this stitch knitted or Tunisian crocheted?
Aka Tunisian Stockinette stitch. It creates a fabric like stockinette!
Start with a foundation chain.
This ‘knit’ stitch looks like knitting on the front, but you’ll see a difference.
Video tutorial by the American Crochet Association.
How-To: Tunisian Purl Stitch
This stitch looks like a knitted purl stitch.
Video tutorial by The Crochet Crowd.
Tunisian Crochet In The Round
Here’s an excellent tutorial for working in the round with the simple stitch. Video tutorial by Designs by Phanessa.
How To Read Tunisian Crochet Patterns
Here are the Tunisian crochet abbreviations.
|US & UK Terms||UK Terms|
|Tunisian simple stitch|
|Tunisian simple stitch|
| Tunisian full stitch|
|Tunisian full stitch|
| Tunisian single crochet|
|Tunisian Double Crochet|
| Tunisian half double crochet|
|Tunisian Half Treble Crochet|
| Tunisian double crochet|
| Tunisian treble crochet|
| forward pass|
| return pass|
| extended simple stitch|
|extended simple stitch|
|Tunisian knit stitch|
|Tunisian knit stitch|
|Tunisian purl stitch|
|Tunisian purl stitch|
| Tunisian slip stitch|
|Tunisian slip stitch|
| Tunisian twisted|
| Tunisian reverse stitch|
|Tunisian reverse stitch|
How Many Tunisian Crochet Stitches Are There?
There are over 400 Tunisian crochet stitches.
You don’t need all, but here are the common crochet stitches Tunisian.
1 Simple Stitch (aka Afghan Stitch) Tunisian Crochet Stitch
Makes a stretchy, opaque woven fabric. The wrong side is bumpy and looks like the knitted purl stitch.
2 Full Stitch Tunisian Crochet Stitch
Thick, warm… what more could you ask for in a fabric? This stitch is excellent for winter garments, like scarves.
The finished fabric is reversible.
3 Tunisian Knit Stitch Tunisian Crochet Stitch
Flip the ‘knitted’ fabric and there’s a difference from a knitted piece.
4 Tunisian Purl Stitch Tunisian Crochet Stitch
Compare a knitted and Tunisian purl stitch, and you’ll see a difference.
This is great if you don’t like knitting, but you want to make a purl stitch.
More Tunisian Crochet Stitches:
- Reverse Stitch
- Ocean Stitch
- Top Stitch (aka Bump Stitch)
- Basketweave Stitch
- Smock Stitch
- Popcorn Stitch
- Tunisian Lace
- Mesh Stitch
- Honeycomb Stitch
- 2×2 Rib
- Tunisian Double Crochet
Tunisian Crochet Hook
What Is A Tunisian Crochet Hook?
A Tunisian crochet hook is long.
Hook at one end, and stopper at the other.
Tunisian or ‘Afghan’ crochet hooks are ideal for holding many stitches.
Can You Use A Regular Crochet Hook For Tunisian Crochet?
Yes, but only for small projects. The more there are, the harder fitting stitches on a regular hook is.
Tunisian crochet hooks are longer and have stoppers at the ends. It’s easier for the hook to hold more stitches.
Tunisian Crochet Patterns
Here are recommendations for free Tunisian crochet patterns.
This free Tunisian crochet pattern is a simple, functional project.
Here is a free Tunisian crochet pattern for a pillow cover.
A pretty, gauzy shawl with loose, open stitchwork.
With a self-striping yarn, the rich gradient complements the stitchwork.
Once you’ve made a few patterns for beginners and have grown in your abilities, try attempting this wonderful open cropped bolero.
For more excellent Tunisian crochet projects, try Ravelry.
Tunisian Contemporary Designs from Time-Honored Traditions
Popular designer Dora Ohrenstein has a book on a modern, easily accessible approach to Tunisian crochet.
Featuring 30 Tunisian crochet stitches and 11 projects.
Tunisian Crochet Afghan
Here are great patterns for Tunisian crochet afghans.
Sweet Gingham Baby Blanket Video Tutorial by TL Yarn Crafts
Here are crochet designer and blogger Chiwei’s video tutorial of how to do the simple stitch (the most common of Tunisian crochet stitches.)
Here is a related video tutorial on how to change colors in Tunisian Crochet.
An easy, quick weekend project using contrasting color bulky yarn.
Is Tunisian Crochet Easy?
Yes! Use an easy-to-follow video tutorial. Mastering basic Tunisian crochet techniques make other stitches easier to learn.
What Is Tunisian Crochet Used For?
Make anything with Tunisian crochet. Socks to hats, shawls to cardigans.
Does Tunisian Crochet Use More Yarn?
Compared to knitting, Tunisian crochet uses more yarn.
Is Tunisian Crochet Difficult?
Not! You don’t need any experience in knitting or crochet. Learn the Tunisian style even if you’ve never used yarn, a hook or needle.
Why Is It Called Tunisian Crochet?
It’s hard to discern why. People used to only call it Afghan crochet.
It’s a mystery why they chose ‘Tunisian.’
How Do You Finish Tunisian Crochet?
To cast off, end with one loop on your hook after the return pass.
Arunima from KnitterKnotter explains it in her video tutorial.
Is Tunisian Crochet Faster Than Knitting?
Yes, Tunisian crochet is faster, but only if you’re experienced. As a beginner, you’ll go slow.
Why Does My Tunisian Crochet Curl?
Everyone who does Tunisian crochet gets curled fabric.
How Do I Stop My Tunisian Crochet From Curling?
Here are simple methods to reduce the curl.
1 Block It!
This removes the curling. Here‘s my article about blocking a piece.
2 Seam It!
Seaming the ends together of a finished project removes the curling.
Sewing together a scarf? It makes a curl-free infinity scarf.
3 Go Up 2 Hook Sizes
Use a hook size two sizes up from the one your yarn or pattern calls for.
If your pattern says US hook size D/3, change it to a US size F/5.
4 Loosen It!
Relax your tension. It’ll still curl, but not as much as a tight tension.
What Can I Make With Tunisian Crochet?
Things to make with Tunisian crochet:
- Boot cuffs
- Baby booties
- Baby blankets
How Do You Make A Tunisian Crochet Dishcloth?
Here are Tunisian crochet dishcloth/washcloth video tutorials.
Basic Brittany Video Tutorial By B.Hooked
Tunisian Shaker Dishcloths Video Tutorial by VeryPink Knits
Simple Stitch Washcloth Video Tutorial by The Crochet Crowd
Now you have the info you need to start a Tunisian crochet project.
Choose a small project like a dishcloth. Work your way up to bigger, challenging projects like patterned blankets and sweaters. Good luck!
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